The forest performs numerous important functions for humans, animals and nature. It promotes biodiversity by creating new habitats for plants and animals. Tropical forests in particular remove large amounts of CO2 from the earth’s atmosphere every year thanks to their rapid growth and enormous biomass. They also provide a permanent home for many animal and plant species. This is precisely where elobau comes in with its commitment to the reforestation of tropical forest areas in order to compensate for unavoidable emissions in a meaningful way. In collaboration with BaumInvest, elobau has therefore been working for several years on various reforestation projects in Costa Rica and Colombia to promote sustainable reforestation. The focus here is on reforesting former pastureland so that species-rich mixed forests can be created.
To achieve this goal, elobau is focusing on the “CO2 forest” project. This is a special forestry concept that focuses on carbon storage: Near-natural mixed forest is gradually being replanted on degraded pastureland. This is achieved through a targeted composition of native tree species with different ecological requirements. In addition, each tree seedling is planted with accompanying vegetation, which actively contributes to the protection and preservation of the young trees. The reforestation areas are also deliberately adjacent to existing protected areas, which increases the number of biodiversity corridors. This makes it possible to restore valuable habitats for numerous animal and plant species, some of which are endangered, and to sequester climate-damaging carbon.